How to Open Shabbat

Many people have told us that they want to open or receive Shabbat in their homes, but they don’t know how to do it. Let us give you a general idea of how to start Shabbat on Fridays before sunset.

  1. Create a special atmosphere. Remember it is Shabbat, the day we become in touch with the Creator of the universe, with our Elohim.

Turn off all entertainment: no radio, no TV, no cinema, no DVD movie, and if you can (and should think about) the phone. Also, dress for the occasion, even if you are at home.

  1. Light the Shabbat candles, according to the schedule of your time zone. You can check the time on our page. White candles (one or two at most) that can last about two or three hours, without names or idolatrous images, on a small chandelier is enough. This creates an immediate atmosphere of spirituality, much peace and harmony on Shabbat.
  1. In reverence married women cover their heads with a headscarf before lighting candles (also men wear kippa).

Move your hands over the candles and say the following sentence:

Baruch ata Adonay Elohainu melech ha-olam asher kid’shanu be’mitzvo’sav ve-tzivanu lehalik ner shel Shabbos

Blessed are you our Elohim, King of the Universe. That you make us holy with your commandments and call us to turn on the light of Shabbat

  1. Many Jews give thanks for the health, prosperity and joy in their lives over the past week.
    You can say the complete Shema. You can also ask Elohim to shower blessings on his family, his congregation, and to grant peace and prosperity to Israel and the Jewish people.
  2. Prepare the food to be consumed in advance of Shabbat. Also place a glass of wine, use kosher red wine, for the celebration of Kiddush and have ready the two breads to be used in kiddush.
  1. Raise the glass of wine and say the following blessing:

Baruch ata Adonoy, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, asher kideshanu be-mitzvosav borei peri ha-gafen. Baruch ties Adonoy, mi-kadesh ha-shabbos

Blessed are you your Elohim, King of the universe. That you make us holy with your commandments. Creator of the fruit of wine. Blessed are you Elohim who sanctify Shabbat.

  1. After the blessing of the wine, proceed to wash your hands:

With a small punch bowl I sprinkled water on my right hand first three times and then on my left three times. After wiping your hands at the end say the following blessing:

Baruch ata Adonoy, Eloheinu melech ha-olam, asher kideshanu be-mitzvosav ve-tzivanu al netilas yadayim

Blessed are you your Elohim, King of the universe. That you make us holy with your commandments, and call us to wash our hands

Shabbat Shalom to all.

Rabbi Yosef Ben Marques 2016 (Updated)

Note: if you want to add the traditional Kiddush prayer to it, which is a little longer, you can watch the following video of by Rabbi Eli Garfinkel of Temple Beth El in Somerset, New Jersey, USA:

2 thoughts on “How to Open Shabbat

  1. Shalom men wearing kippahs is not a command in Gods word,its following mans tradition, but doing out of respect around others or not at all is not a command from the mouth of God to wear one,wearing fringes is shalom


  2. Shalom opening the sabbath, ritual hand washing is part of the talmud, not in Gods word,yeshua spoke against this ritual, should we wash our hands yes,but it dose nothing for our spirit man,its useless to our spirit man,we light candles for two reasons the electric went out,and to mark the sabbath day to acknowledge it,but to put faith in rituals is like yeshua said it’s dead works white washed tombs,I’m not a talmudist,I dont follow mans commands,I follow the torah of the messiah yeshua,if he didnt say it or command it it’s not torah,he preached torah as the father intended, shalom meir ben avraham


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