The Erroneous Belief in the Plurality of Elohim

 There are some phrases in the Tanakh (AT) where the word “Elohim” sounds like a plural entity, but as we will see it is not:

               Genesis 1:26: “And Elohimsaid, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.”

Genesis 3:22: “And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.”

Genesis 11:7: “Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speecho.”

Isaias 6:8: “Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me”.
Actually these phrases can be misleading for those who do not study Hebrew carefully.


In the book, Smith’s Bible Dictionary says the following about the Hebrew word

“The plural form of Elohim has given rise to much discussion. The fanciful idea that of a the trinity of persons in the Godhead hardly finds now a supporter among scholars. The word “Elohim” it is what grammarians call the plural of majesty,  it denotes the fullness of divine strength, the sum of the powers displayed by God “(pág. 220).

Elohim is the plural form of Eloah and appears closely related, which usually means “God,” “Elohim” or “powerful”.

If we translate Genesis 1:1 taking the word “Elohim” as plural it will said this: “in the beginning, “Elohines” created the heavens and the earth”. The Torah will then support the idea that more than one “Elohim” created the universe, more than one spoke to Abraham, more than one delivered Israel from slavery and more than one made a covenant with man. That is absurd and false. No Christian in the world profess that there is more than one God.
In Biblical Hebrew, a noun is plural form is not necessarily plural sense.



The Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (third and second century BCE) in which the New Testament quotes extensively, ALWAYS translates the Hebrew word for Elohim in the singular (Gr. theos).

apostol pablo


Paul in 1 Corinthians 8:6 says “But to us there is but one Elohim, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Yeshua HaMashiaj, by whom are all things, and we by him”.

Malachi 2:10 says  “Have we not all one father? hath not one Elohim created us?



Mark 12:29 “And Yeshua answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our Elohim is one Lord:“.

John 17:3 “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true Elohim, and Yeshua Ha Mashiaj, whom thou hast sent“.

Mark 12:32 “And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one Elohim; and there is none other but he:”

John 17:5 “And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.“. (Obviously they are not the same entity, but He is more than human)

Yeshua himself never claimed that he is Elohim, rather always claimed that his father was the Elohim of Israel and who was bigger than he:

John 8:54 “Yeshua answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your Elohim“.

John 20:17 “Yeshua saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my Elohim, and your Elohim”.

John 14:2In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. “.

John 14:28 “for my Father is greater than I“.


1. Where is the word trinity in the Torah? (Nowhere)
2. Where Yeshua said that he was Elohim? (He never affirmed it)
3. Where it says in writing that the Father, the Son and Holy Spirit  are one God? (Nowhere)

The word “Echad” it is used 900 times in the Hebrew Bible, because it is the most used adjective in the Tanack, and it means “one”.

Here are some examples of its use, where the word “one” is translated from echad: “one place” (Genesis 1: 9); “a man” (Genesis 42:13); “one Law” (Éxodus 12:49.); “one shepherd” (Ezequiel 37:24.).


The affirmation in Deuteronomy 6:4 “Hear, Israel: YHWH our “Elohim”, YHWH “Echad” , means exactly what it says: ONLY ONE ELOHIM.

Rabbi Yosef Ben Marques  2016

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